Architecture is, to a great extent, defined by local conditions including culture, climate, etc. This article from TIME talks about how post-liberalization India made a sharp shift toward Western Architecture due to perceived aesthetics, ease of construction, and students returning from studying abroad.
However, this shift didn't recognize the fact that native architecture had evolved over centuries and was in itself an adaptation measure in the context of the local climate. Housing in India is now not resilient to rising temperatures and is hence, exacerbating the impact of global warming and heatwaves.
"The shift away from climate-specific architecture hasn’t only affected offices and luxury flats, whose owners can afford to cool them. To maximize urban space and budgets, a massive government housing program launched in 2015 has relied largely on concrete frames and flat roofs, which absorb more heat throughout the day than sloped roofs."