The inclusion of stakeholders in managing sustainability issues is known as multi-actor governance. This is supposed to be a mechanism to include marginalized communities and actors in the process of governance. However, in most cases there is also the involvement of stakeholders with more power and influence in the process, such as large companies. In this way, the inclusion of, say, tribal communities and locals becomes meaningless as they are involved only to fulfil a formality.
Nevertheless, scholars argue that inclusion of stakeholders actually results in better outcomes at times and even greater acceptance of the output, regardless of whose favour it is in. I am curious to know about multi-actor governance in India, since most levels of govt and parties end up excluding many actors from this process due to the governance culture as well as corruption. Are there any examples of multi-actor governance that are productive for all actors involved? Does stakeholder involvement even work in non-Western contexts?PS: the country doesn't HAVE to be India, it can be elsewhere too just not in the Western or developed countries